Strategies to minimize your CO2 footprint

Posted by | Arun Kumar

Climate change poses an imminent threat to our planet, making it imperative for individuals, businesses, and governments to adopt strategies to minimize their CO2 footprint. This article provides a comprehensive overview of effective strategies on how to reduce carbon footprints effectively and solutions to mitigate the impact of climate change, achieve sustainability goals, and promote a greener future.

Understanding carbon emissions

With 76% of all greenhouse gases being carbon dioxide, it is the most prevalent gas in the world. As a result, the natural greenhouse effect that keeps the earth’s atmosphere above freezing and depends heavily on carbon dioxide. Without it, the majority of living things and ecosystem cycles, including combustion, photosynthesis, and anaerobic and aerobic respiration, would not survive.

Figure 1: Distribution of greenhouse gases

Figure 1: Distribution of greenhouse gases

Rising CO2 and its impact

Currently, industries contribute significantly to CO2 emissions globally1. The main sources of CO2 emissions2 are from power, transport, and industrial activities3 such as manufacturing and construction. The Global Carbon Budget 2022 states that since the middle of the 20th century, annual emissions from burning fossil fuels have increased every decade4, from around 11 billion tons in the 1960s to 36.6 billion tons in 2022.

Figure 2. Increase in carbon dioxide emission since 1750 (Source: Statista 2024)

Figure 2. Increase in carbon dioxide emission since 1750 (Source: Statista 2024)


The increase in CO2 emissions accelerates climate change, which poses a severe threat to the planet.

Figure 3: Impact-of increased CO2 emissions

Greenhouse gas emissions overview: Scope

Emissions of greenhouse gases from industry are classified as “direct” or “indirect” emissions. Furthermore, according to worldwide and national carbon accounting rules, they can be divided into three groupings, or “scopes5“. “Direct emissions” from sources that the corporation owns or controls are considered Scope 1 emissions. The emissions into the atmosphere that result from using electricity are known as Scope 2 emissions. Actual emissions produced at another site, such as a power plant, are referred to as “indirect emissions”. All additional indirect emissions that take place along the whole value chain, and are not under the firm’s direct control are categorized as Scope 3 emissions.

Figure 4: Green House Gas GHG emissions

Figure 4: Green House Gas GHG emissions

It’s time to act

Large multinationals are responsible for at least 50% of the greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. Now, industries are making sustainability a top priority, and most businesses want to be net zero by 2050 abiding by the Paris Agreement.

Figure 5: It's time to act

Figure 5: It’s time to act

As of mid-2022, more than one-third of the world’s largest publicly traded companies have net-zero targets. However, as per McKinsey’s report6, 76% of the companies are focusing on only reducing their Scope 1 and 2 emissions. Only 24% of the companies are concentrating on reducing their Scope 3 emissions as these emissions are much more challenging for companies to track and control.

Figure 6:Reduction of Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions

Figure 6: Reduction of Scope 1, 2 and 3 emissions

Challenges in reducing carbon reduction

Figure 7: Challenges of reduction in CO2 emissions

Figure 7: Challenges of reduction in CO2 emissions

Strategies for reducing Co2 emissions

By incorporating environmental considerations into their supply chain operations, businesses are now attempting to reduce their negative effects on the environment. Industry must contend with a range of challenges, and performance indicators in order to reduce carbon emissions. Here, we have provided the common strategies7 adopted by industry in order to reduce their carbon footprint.

Most multinational corporations align with the goals of the Paris Agreement to reduce carbon emissions. Here, are a few of examples of the steps taken by businesses:

Figure 8. Strategies followed by companies from different sectors to reduce emissions

Figure 8. Strategies followed by companies from different sectors to reduce emissions – click on chart to view larger image 

Figure 9: Examples of strategies followed by companies and the results

Figure 9: Examples of strategies followed by companies and the results

Nevertheless, businesses are concentrating on carbon reduction techniques. Long-term decarbonization initiatives will need major technological advancements, including the utilization of novel sustainable materials/ technologies, alternative fuels, electrification of heavy-duty vehicles, and a dedication to execution.


Click on chart to view larger image


Setting carbon reduction goals for businesses can be a crucial first step; doing so poses both challenges and prospects to benefit from decarbonization in the long run. The short-term goals should also be carefully considered, as they will be critical for inspiring the organization to take action.

This article was based on research carried out by our Technology and Innovation Research practice. Get in touch to find out more about how we can help you create cutting-edge solutions, gain a competitive edge, and secure the first-to-market advantage






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